UPSC CIVIL SERVICES

IAS / IPS / IFS

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) was formally constituted in 1947. It is the premier service in India and offers an attractive and challenging career. There is fame and glamour also associated with this service for those who have excelled in their posts. Even though most people think being the District Magistrate or Collector is the most powerful and glamorous post, an IAS holds power at all levels of his/her hob. IAS is the service that places the officer right at the top of any government organization. If you are a determined person you can lot of things in this service.

The IAS officers handle affairs of the government. At the state and central level, this involves the framing of the policies and its implementation. At the district level, IAS is concerned with district affairs, including developmental duties. At the divisional level, the IAS officers look after law and order, general administration and various developmental works.

Members of the Indian Administrative Service hold various administrative posts like District Collector, Heads of Departments, and Head of Public Enterprises at the state level. They can also be posted on deputation to the Central Government to various posts.

IAS being an ‘All India Service’ follows the Cadre system. In this system officers are allotted to state cadres, not necessarily to your home state. So for all practical purposes you belong to that state service but may be deputed elsewhere in the country. However you’ll always be recognized by your allotted state cadre. This system though very useful tends to positively and negatively affect the careers of an IAS officer. The cadre system is allotted on a basis of lottery and only the toppers of each state may get a chance to serve their home state if they have opted for such a preference.

The Indian Foreign Service [IFS] is a Central Service and the premier diplomatic service of our country. Members of the IFS, primarily represent the country in the international arena. The Indian Foreign Service deals with the country’s external affairs, including diplomacy, trade and cultural relations. It is responsible for the administration and activities of Indian missions abroad, and for the framing and implementation of the Government’s foreign policy.

The service offers immense exposure to different political, social, ethnic and cultural milieu. An I.F.S officer can be posted in 160 odd Indian Embassies and Missions abroad. They can also be deputed to institutions like United Nations, UNESCO, World Bank, SAARC, etc. Back home, they can be posted in various parts of the country as Passport Officers.

Even though many toppers at the civil services exams opt for the IAS, with limited vacancies the IFS is also a tough service to get. With India and Indians going global, this is the service which holds a lot of promise and glamour.

The Indian Police Service [IPS] is primarily concerned with maintenance of Law and Order in the country. This is the premier uniformed civil service in the country. An I.P.S officer works for both the Central and State Governments. He serves the State Government in various capacities ranging from Assistant Superintendent of Police at the beginning of his career to the Director General of Police (who is the head of the police force in his state) at the stage of retirement. He can also serve the Central Government in various organizations like the Central Reserve Police Force, Border Security Force, Central Bureau of Investigation, Intelligence Bureau, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) etc.

The IPS (Indian Police Service) is responsible for public safety and security. The IPS mainly takes care of law and order, which, at the district level, is a responsibility shared with the IAS ; crime prevention and detection ; and traffic control and accident prevention and management. In order to fulfil these functions with greater efficiency, this service is divided into various functional departments, including : ”       Crime Branch, ” Criminal Investigation Department (CID), ”          Home Guards, ”             Traffic Bureau.

With changing times however, more and more IPS officers are serving in departments and areas that used to exclusively be the forte of IAS officers, just as the IAS officers now at times head departments like vigilance which were exclusively given to IPS officers. This widening of opportunities and exposure has made the IPS even more attractive.

Again being an ‘All India Service’, it follows the Cadre system. In this system officers are allotted to various state cadres and your service is allotted to that state. So for all practical purposes you belong to that state service and may be deputed elsewhere but you’ll always be recognized by your parent cadre. These systems though very usefull tends to positively and negatively affect careers. The cadre system is allotted on a basis of lottery and the toppers of each state may get a chance to get their home states if they have opted for such a preference.the IPS is also filled through teh civilservices exam conducted by UPSC.

  • All India Services
  • Indian Administrative Service
  • India Foreign Service
  • Indian Police Service
  • Group A Services
  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service
  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service
  • Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)
  • Indian Defence Accounts Service
  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)
  • Indian Postal Service
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service
  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force
  • Indian Defence Estates Service
  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)
  • Indian Trade Service, Group ‘A’ (Gr. III)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service
  • Group – B Services
  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer’s Grade)
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service
  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service
  • Pondicherry Civil Service
  • Pondicherry Police Service
  • Eligibility for IAS Exam

The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility conditions for admission to examination. Their admission to all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. Mere issue of admission certificate to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission. Commission take up verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents only after the candidate has qualified for Interview/ Personality Test

New Eligibility Criteria

The government intends to reduce the upper age limit and number of attempts of applicants of the UPSC Civil Service Examination with effect from 2015.

According to information published on the website of the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, the upper age limit will be 29 years for SC/ST candidates, 28 years for OBC and 26 for the unreserved category. There will be an additional two years for physically challenged candidates in each category.

At present, the upper age limit for SC/ST, OBC and unreserved candidates is 35, 33 and 30 years respectively.

Similarly the number of attempts allowed for candidates appearing for the Civil Services Examination would also be reduced to six for SC/ST candidates, five for OBC and three for unreserved candidates.

 

Academic Eligibility for IAS Exams

The candidate must hold a degree of any of Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University Under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification

Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear for the Preliminary Examination. All such candidates who qualify to appear for the Civil Services Main Examination must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with their application for the Main Examination.

The UPSC may in exceptional cases treat a candidate without the foregoing requisite qualification as an eligible candidate if he / she has passed an examination conducted by other institutions, the standard of which justifies his / her admission in the opinion of the Commission.

Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognised by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.

Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However they must submit along with their Main Examination application, a certificate from the concerned authority of the University / Institution that they have passed the final professional medical examination. At the Interview stage they must then produce a certificate from a competent authority that they have completed (including internship) all the requirements for the award of the Medical Degree.

Restrictions on applying for the examination:

A candidate who is appointed to the Indian examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination.In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2015 is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2015 notwithstanding his/her having qualified in the Preliminary Examination, 2015.

 

Also provided that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2015 but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of this examination viz.Civil Services Examination, 2015.

 

Other Eligibility Conditions for IAS Exams:

(i) Nationality:

For the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India.

For other services, a candidate must be either :—

a citizen of India, or

a subject of Nepal, or

a subject of Bhutan, or

a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Provided further that candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above will not be eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

 (ii) Age Limits :

A candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on 1st August, 2015, i.e. he/she must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1982 and not later than 1st August, 1991.

The upper age limit prescribed above will be relaxable :

upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.

upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.

upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof.

upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2015 and have been released .

on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2015) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or

on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or

on invalidment.

Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2015 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three months notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

upto a maximum of 10 years in the case of blind, deaf – muteand orthopaedically handicapped persons.

UPSC not to relax upper age limit

NOTE I:

Candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under any other clauses of para 3(ii) (b) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons domiciled in the State of J & K, blind, deaf-mute and orthopaedically handicapped etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.

NOTE II:

The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

NOTE III :

The age concession under para 3(ii) (b) (v) and (vi) will not be admissible to ExServicemen and Commissioned Officers including ECOs/SSCOs who are released on own request.

NOTE IV:

Notwithstanding the provision of age-relaxation under para 3 (ii) (b) (vii) above, a physically disabled candidate will be considered to be eligible for appointment only if he/she (after such physical examination as the Government or appointing authority, as the case may be, may prescribe) is found to satisfy the requirements of physical and medical standards for the concerned Services/posts to be allocated to the physically disabled candidates by the Government.

Civil Services Aptitude Test

The Preliminary Examination of Union Public Service Commission for Civil Services Examination is also popularly called CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The CSAT is actually the second paper of General Studies that was introduced in 2011. The CSAT was implemented to end the use of scaling system for varying subjects in the General Studies paper and was a matter of concern for many Civil Services councillors. With the introduction of the CSAT, the UPSC now intends to choose Civil Servants who not only have the knowledge but also the aptitude for reasoning and analytical brain.

A very important point to be noted is that there is Negative Marking in the prelims and 1/3rd of marks allotted for every question is reduced from your score if you get it wrong. So do not guess!

There are some changes made in the Civil Services Examination from 2013. It’s for the first time the Indian Forest Service (IFS) aspirants were combined with the Civil Services aspirants and are made to take Preliminary examination. Those Indian Forest Service aspirants who may eventually clear the Preliminary examination have to write separate exams for their Mains Indian Forest Service examination.

There is also a pattern change in the Civil Services Mains examination introduced from 2013. Now there are four compulsory papers of General Studies, there is only one optional subject now instead of two, plus there is one compulsory essay paper. English and one language paper is of only qualifying nature.

Scheme of Civil Services Examination

The Civil Services Examination consists of two successive stages –

Civil Services Preliminary Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination; and

Civil Services Main Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and post. The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of Objective type (multiple choice questions) each of 200 marks and carries a total of 400 marks. The question papers are set both in Hindi and English. Each paper is of two hours duration. Blind candidates are allowed extra time of twenty minutes for each paper.

Scheme of Preliminary Examination

This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only; the marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates who are declared qualified for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be about twelve to thirteen times the total approximate number of vacancies to be filled in the year in the various Services and Posts. Only those candidates who are declared by the Commission to have qualified in the Preliminary Examination in the year are eligible for writing the Main Examination of that year.

UPSC Preliminary Examination Syllabus 2014

Syllabus of Paper I -(200 marks) Duration : Two hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization
  • General Science

Syllabus for Paper II-(200 marks) Duration: Two hours

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  • English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
  • Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the Syllabus of Paper-II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.
  • The questions will be of multiple choices, objective type.
  • Note: It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.

UPSC Exam Mains Syllabus for Civil Services Examination

More on Civil Services Examinations

The Civil Services Main examination is designed to test the academic talent of the aspirant, also his/her ability to present his/ her knowledge in a clear and coherent manner. The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.

The UPSC has revised the pattern of Civil Services Main examination from 2014.

Now there are 7 + 2 = 9 papers to be answered in the main examination. All of them are of descriptive type. There are two qualifying papers 1) any modern Indian language 2) English are of 300 marks each. Their marks will not be counted in the main examination.

The candidate is allowed to use any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium of writing the examination.

According to the new pattern there are “FOUR” General Studies paper each comprising of 250 Marks with a total of 1000 Marks. The scope of the syllabus of General Studies is of degree level.

There is only “ONE” optional subject to choose from the list of subjects. It comprises of two papers each of 300 marks. So the total of optional paper is 600 marks. Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the conditionality of having to do his/her graduation in that language’s literature. The scope of the syllabus of optional paper is higher than the bachelor’s degree but lower than the master’s level.

  • Interview/Personality Test is of 275 Marks. Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.
  •  The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.
  • The Interview/Personality Test will be of 275 marks.

 The Grand Total 2025 Marks

Summary of the Latest Pattern of Civil Services (Mains) Examination

Paper – I

Language -300 Marks

Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature

Paper – II

English -300 Marks

This paper is of qualifying nature

Paper – III

Essay – 250 Marks

Can be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice

Paper-IV

General Studies-I 250 Marks

(Indian Heritage and Culture,

History and Geography of the World and Society)

Paper-V

General Studies -II: 250 Marks

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

Paper-VI

General Studies -III 250 Marks

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

Paper-VII

General Studies -IV 250 Marks

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

Marks carried by General Studies was 4X 250=1000

Paper-VIII

Optional Subject – Paper 1 -250 Marks

Paper-IX

Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject “without the conditionality of having to do his/her graduation in that language’s literature.

Sub Total (Written test) 1750 Marks

Marks of English and Language will not be counted so total marks for Written exam will be 1750 Marks Only

Interview/Personality Test – 275 marks

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

Grand Total 2025 Marks

A candidate is allowed to use any one language from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution or English as the medium of writing the examination.

Civil Services Mains Exam 2014 Syllabus

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A – Modern Indian language 300 Marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted – Passing mandatory-

(i) Comprehension of given passages.

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.

(iv) Short Essay

(v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa.

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper B – English -300 marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted- Passing mandatory

The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

(i) Comprehension of given passages

(ii) Precis Writing

(iii) Usage and Vocabulary

(iv) Short Essay.

Paper-I

Essay – 250 Marks – To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice – Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper-II

  •  General Studies-I 250 Marks (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
  •  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  •  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
  •  The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  •  Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  •  History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
  •  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  •  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  •  Effects of globalization on Indian society
  •  Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  •  Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  •  Distribution
  • inent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  •  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
  • of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  •  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper-III

  • General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
  •  Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  •  Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and FINANCES up to local levels and challenges therein.
  •  Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
  •  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  •  Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  •  Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  •  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  •  Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
  •  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  •  Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
  •  Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and
  •  Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  •  Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  •  Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  •  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  •  Role of civil services in a democracy.
  •  India and its neighborhood- relations.
  •  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
  •  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  •  Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV

  • General Studies -III 250 Marks (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
  •  Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  •  Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  •  Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  •  Government Budgeting.
  •  Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
  •  Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions;
  •  economics of animal-rearing.
  •  Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  •  Land reforms in India.
  •  Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  •  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  •  INVESTMENT models.
  •  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology;
  • indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  •  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper-V

General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information

sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s

Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case Studies on above issues.

Paper-VI

Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks

Paper-VII

Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

Candidates may choose any ONE optional subject from amongst the list of subjects given below.

Interview/Personality Test – 275 Marks

Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

NOTE:

Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A & B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination Aspirants can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

Part B – Main Examination – Optional Subjects

  • General Studies
  • Essay
  • English Qualifying
  • Indian Languages
  • Agriculture Main Syllabus
  • Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  • Botany Main Syllabus
  • Chemistry Main Syllabus
  • Civil Engineering Main Syllabus
  • Commerce Main Syllabus
  • Economics Main Syllabus
  • Electrical Engineering Main Syllabus
  • Geography Main Syllabus
  • Geology Main Syllabus
  • Indian History Main Syllabus
  • Law Main Syllabus
  • Mathematics Main Syllabus
  • Mechanical Engineering Main Syllabus
  • Medical Science Main Syllabus
  • Philosophy Main Syllabus
  • Physics Main Syllabus
  • Political Science Main Syllabus
  • Psychology Main Syllabus
  • Public Administration Main Syllabus
  • Sociology Main Syllabus
  • Statistics Main Syllabus
  • Zoology Main Syllabus
  • Anthropology Main Syllabus
  • Assamese Main Syllabus
  • Bengali Main Syllabus
  • Chinese Main Syllabus
  • English Main Syllabus
  • French Main Syllabus
  • German Main Syllabus
  • Gujarati Main Syllabus
  • Hindi Main Syllabus
  • Kannada Main Syllabus
  • Kashmiri Main Syllabus
  • Konkani Main Syllabus
  • Malayalam Main Syllabus
  • Manipuri Main Syllabus
  • Marathi Main Syllabus
  • Nepali Main Syllabus
  • Oriya Main Syllabus
  • Punjabi Main Syllabus
  • Russian Main Syllabus
  • Sanskrit Main Syllabus
  • Sindhi Main Syllabus
  • Tamil Main Syllabus
  • Telugu Main Syllabus
  • Urdu Main Syllabus
  • Management Main Syllabus

Even though the interview carries 300 marks with no minimum qualifying marks, it is the deciding factor at many times of your being within the services or out of it and in the least matters in which service you get.However since the interview is so personal and variable it is most desirable to do very well in the written mains. But an Interview can make or break you so take your personality development rather seriously and make sure to attend some mock interviews at leading institutes.

UPSC Interview Questions

UPSC Interview questions range from questions about your choice of subject to why you want to join the civil services. It is good to answer honestly but at the same time avoid cliches like wanting to do service to the nation etc. Questions on your hobbies are imperative so prepare well as they expect some indepth knowledge on that. Questions relating to your name, your college or school name are also a big posibility. If someone well-know shares one of these names please also prepare on that. Also learn up about important events on the year or date of your birth. As you can see, UPSC Interview questions are mainly from what you have filled in your form including your subject but here it is more a test of logic and presentation and awareness rather than pure subject knowledge. In the UPSC interview many questions are situational like what will you do if a Tsunami strikes your district and you are the DM/Collector/SP. Questions on your choice of service preference also need to be prepared. Current affairs analysis is important too.

Tips to improve your performance at the UPSC Interview

There are generally 5 members at the board with the Chairperson seated at the center. Enter confidently and greet the Chairperson, who will probably welcome you, and pleasantly nod at other members. Wait till you are asked to sit.

Intelligent listing is the mantra, and for this maintaining eye contact is very important. You should not glare but all the same appear attentive and do not glance at other members, it can be very distracting for the interviewer. However if some other member asks you anything, look at that member and answer and turn back to the first – this is what we do in normal attentive listening.

Do not fidget or throw your hands around, or shake your head. Less amount of movement does not mean you should sit unnaturally stiff. Your posture should be attentive and relaxed at the same time. Do not crouch/bend forward or place your hands on the table.

Cut your answer short to the required patience shown by the member talking to you. They usually like to talk more, so listen carefully and think for a few seconds before you start answering the question. This will show that you are organising your thoughts in mind before starting to speak.

Leave some room for difference in opinion. Do take a stand, but do not look adamant or unwilling to appreciate the board’s opinion.

Use couple of words from the question while answering any question. It shows you have listened to the question carefully. But at the same time limit the use the technical jargon.

Listen very carefully. Come to the central issue of the enquiry immediately. Wild guessing or speculation are a complete no no.

Do not start evaluating your performance while still inthe interview. Even if you have committed mistakes in the beginning, do not think that you have already lost the game. They are looking for warm, sensitive respectful and attentive youngsters. They know you are good or you would not have come so far.

Talk humbly about your achievements and hobbies. You may have mentioned some hobbies in the form without serious background in them, but before the interview it would be useful to pick up some basic info on the hobby.

Say less to convey more. Less is more these days as per the minimalist creed. Argue logically and generalise correctly. Do not try to read too much between the lines.

Remember, while answering any question, what is easy to see is easy to miss. We often tend to miss the obvious and go for some non-crucial aspect of the subject.

Get up to leave only when the chairperson asks you to, not because you think everyone has asked a question. Similarly, even if someone has not asked a question and the chairperson asks you to leave then please leave. Some members do not ask questions at all, due to various reasons like limited time.

Before leaving politely thank the chairperson and nod at the others politely. Avoid saying “Have a good day sir”. A “Thank you Sir/Madam” is enough.

upsc.gov.in

upscportal.com

 

3 thoughts on “UPSC CIVIL SERVICES

  1. Indian Foreign Service is an All India Service not a central service…directly under the gamut of MEA.

  2. And in the year 2015 ,CSAT has been made a qualifying papaer only with minimum requirement of 33%.and this year it will be held on August 23rd…..applications form are out last date for applying June 19,2015.

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